The course provides instruction in the principles of clinical chair-side dental assisting; dental equipment use and maintenance; safety and instrument identification. Students are introduced to the many varied dental office designs. Subject matter to include; chair-side operatory procedures, infection control practices, provider and ergonomic assistant positioning. Various dental hand pieces and their attachments, dental operative hand instruments and their tray set-ups are included. Anesthesia and pain control will be discussed. Chair-side assisting procedures including dental amalgam and composite restorative materials are taught to a competent level. Additional chair-side assisting functions include oral illumination, tissue retraction, evacuation, and dental dam, and the Tofflemire matrix band. Advanced chair-side functions include placing cements, bases and liners.